Throughout the period of its development, mankind has been inventing something new. This new thing was added to the existing one, slowly but surely increasing the knowledge that man possessed. In order to survive in the environment in which he developed, a person entering into life had to learn the existing knowledge from older generations. Conditionally, this knowledge can be defined as “technology”. Until some time, it was enough for a person in his youth to master a certain “technology” in order to have an acceptable sufficiency during his life. At that time, “technologies” lived much longer than people themselves. The “technologies” were passed from generation to generation, which gave birth to dynasties (potters, bakers, shepherds, rulers, kings, etc.), the nature of which was determined by the “technology” itself. During the development of civilization, the growth of the number of “technologies” increased the frequency of their change.
Approximately at the junction of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the average life of the “technologies” was equal to the period of active life. And today it is even less – no more than five or six years, and after this period they are called morally outdated.
All described above has led to super saturation of a society with factual knowledge which volume the person is not capable to master for all life. Therefore he chooses a certain group of facts called ideology on which he lives himself and evaluates the life of society. Such approach to life does not allow to estimate the processes taking place objectively to the full extent.
Nowadays, in order to objectively assess the course of processes taking place in the environment, it is not enough for a person to possess some (even the most unimaginable) amount of information, it is necessary for him/her to learn the methods of cognition (worldview) allowing to see the situation in reality. Otherwise, in five or six years, knowledge will become obsolete, and there will be a need to acquire new knowledge.
The most important task of a society is succession of generations. That is, it is important to transfer the way of life (considered to be correct) from the older generation to the younger one. The guarantee of continuity is the full circulation of information in society and between generations.
Training of personnel is the basis, the basis of foundations, the existence of society. The loss of the system of personnel replenishment is fraught with the death of society or change of ideology in it.
Philosophical category of information.
If to imagine that matter is a philosophical category, which serves to designate objective reality, which is copied, photographed, displayed by our sense organs and exists regardless of our consciousness, then information is objectively existing, but non-material, which is transmitted in the process of display from one material carrier to another and does not change its objective quality.
Properties and functions of information.
At present the properties and functions of information have not been fully studied. However, the available research results allow us to determine with certainty that the information:
- exists only on material carriers but allows interpreting itself in human consciousness;
- is indestructible, for it is not material;
- under the influence of other information is easily transformed;
- unlike matter, is able to copy endlessly;
- transfers (transmits) only by means of material carriers in the form of a certain algorithm (sequence);
- capable of materialization;
- can not be objectively assigned and belong to any individual.
Functions of information:
-Giving clear forms of existence to matter, processes, phenomena;
-delineation of the properties of matter;
-process of information transfer as a control process.
Information exchange and society management
Information interaction “man – society” is the most interesting, intensive and little studied at present. It is here that the entire volume of information about the way of human life, about state construction, about human behavior, etc., originates.
But society is a lot of people. Elements of society (people) have direct and reverse channels of information exchange between them. In the process of assimilation of incoming information, each individual forms a matrix of stereotypes of perception and processing of incoming information, which is characterized by one word – morality. And it is manifested through the motivation of behavior.
This is where the whole essence of public administration lies. The one who possesses the mechanism of formation of personal behavior motivation in society will manage it. The task of a manager is to form motivation of the majority in such a way that in the aggregate their motivation would coincide with the intentions of the subject of management, and according to which the motivation of behavior of every person who has entered this field already after creation of stable motivation would be formed.
The most important thing is that such an individual will claim that it is his will, that he made this or that decision, but in any case, this decision will coincide with the will of the subject of governance.
This “magic” is what the state does, trying to subvert the people living within its borders. Only the goal-setting of state governance is called an ideological system, although if we look closer, we can see that the ideological system is nothing but a system of forming individual behavior in society and in the state, but in the interests of the current authorities.
Parallel to the state, other subjects always claim to govern society: neighboring states and peoples, internal criminals, religious communities, political parties, commercial structures, etc.
As a result of their activity, an information field with multidimensional polarization is created in society. And for the general public, there is an explanation: everyone has the right to determine his or her own destiny and activity.
But if we don’t get out of such established system of public regulation, we have to solve the problem of safety for each member of society of consequences of influence on him/her of information of different ideological systems, claiming for power in society.